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Europe Greece Mythology

Erechtheion, Athens Acropolis

The caryatids stand outside the 5th century BCE temple built to honor Athena and Poseidon between 421 and 406 BCE.

The temple stands at the north end of the Acropolis built on a rocky outcrop which was first inhabited around 6,000 years ago.

The caryatids, six female figures, can be found on the southside supporting a porch.

The sculptures there today are replicas, five of the originals are in the Acropolis Museum, the sixth having been taken to London by Lord Elgin, and now resides in the British Museum.

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Europe Greece

The Charioteer of Delphi

The Charioteer of Delphi is among the best-preserved examples of classical bronze sculpture.  Dating from around 470 BCE at 5’ 11” tall, the classic statue resides in the Delphi Museum.

Originally a wall with small garrisons every mile or so, the sculpture depicts a chariot driver at the moment when he attains victory at a race, holding the reins in his right hand.  

A small temple dedicated to the god Mithras, popular on the Roman frontiers and perhaps originating as far eastern as today’s Iran.  

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Europe Greece

Knossos, Minoan Palace

The distinctive material culture on Crete is named Minoan, after its mythical King, Minos.  Considerable reconstructions were made by British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans after his excavations in early 20th century, which give an idea of the opulence of Minoan buildings.

The first settlers arrived at Knossos around 7000 BCE, establishing their Homes. What would later become known as the Minoan Palace.  Though the term palace is misleading as in addition to being a residence archaeology suggests it had also an economic, religious, creative and administrative focus.  Extensive archives of clay tablets were found.

The architecture of the palace seems to have been designed from the central court outward, with the central court serving as a focus for the ceremonial activities of the palace.  Several entrances exist paved with large blocks of locally quarried gypsum.

The palace supported specialist artisans who produced wall paintings.

The era ended violently in the middle of the second millennium BCE when any sites on Crete, including the palace at Knossos, were destroyed by fire.

After excavations at Knossos, Evans wanted visitors to appreciate the magnificence of Minoan architecture and art, accordingly he commissioned reconstructions to be made for the remains and restoration of the wall paintings which depicted men and women in various activities including bull leaping and cult ceremonies.

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Arctic Greece Mythology Rome

Free Kindle Books 8

Here are a couple more free Kindle books. You can simply ‘buy for $0.00‘ and they’ll be sent to your Amazon account.

Ancient Mythology (Boxed Set)

Plutarch: Lives of the noble Grecians and Romans

A Treasury of Eskimo Tales

It’s another opportunity to read some basic information.

And, they’re free!

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Greece Mythology

The Four Seasons

In Greek mythology, Demeter was the goddess of agriculture and helped farmer’s crops to grow. Her daughter Persephone, was abducted by Hades, god of the underworld, to be his wife. Demeter searched in vain for Persephone and her sadness caused crops to wither and fail. Ever more desperate to find her daughter, she asked her brother Zeus for help.

Demeter and Persephone
Demeter and Persephone

Zeus, king of the Olympic gods, made an agreement with Hades to allow Persephone to visit her mother each year for six months during Spring and Summer.

Zeus

The crops thrived during this time as a result of Demeter’s joy in seeing her daughter and the four seasons were thus established.